Cucurbita pepo has been cultivated for its edible fruits for thousands of years and remains a crop plant of great economic importance today. The stems are fleshy, stout, setose and develop series of multifid tendrils. Pumpkin cucurbita pepo cucurbita pepo cucurbitaceae. Pdf the use of herbal remedies individually or in combination with standard. Cucurbita pepo pumpkin seed oil skin deep cosmetics. As shown in table 1, many different components of cucurbita plants are applied in diverse regions of the globe for handling.
Herbal medicines have been used for the treatment of numerous chronic and severe diseases. Plants of this family have many medicinal and nutritional benefits. Pageladson,a florida wei sile, has yielded clicurbita pepo gourd. Cucurbita pepo supplement health benefits, dosage, side. It is a gentle and safe remedy for a number of complaints, especially as an effective tapeworm remover for children and pregnant women for whom stronger acting and toxic remedies are unsuitable.
The board of trustees of the royal botanic gardens, kew. David webb florida museum of natural history musellm road gaineslille, fl 32611 james s. Summer squash blossoms are excellent in soups and stews, sauteed, stuffed, or dipped in batter and fried. Cucurbita pepo is widely used as food and herbal remedies around the world. Phenolic composition and inhibitory ability of methanolic. The pumpkin has been much used as a medicine in central and north america. Cucurbita moschata herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects. The aims of the present studies are to determine the proximate, mineral and antinutritional composition of pumpkin pulp cucurbita pepo and the importance to humanity. Chemical composition and physicochemical properties of.
Learn more about pumpkin uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain pumpkin. An extensive range of cultivars is available, including those grown to produce fruits for halloween lanterns and pumpkin pies, courgettes zucchinis, marrows, many types of squashes and ornamental gourds. How cucurbita moschata is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is a climbing herb which is considered to be a native of america and cultivated in many parts of india. Review of cucurbita pepo pumpkin its phytochemistry and. It is used in small quantities internally in the treatment of various inflammatory conditions, bronchial complaints, asthma, intestinal ulcers, hypertension and arthritis.
Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. This group includes various summer squashes including the acorn, crookneck and patty pan squashes. Also have been identified the medicinally important phytoconstituents belonging mainly to cucurbitosides, multifloranetype triterpenoids, carotenoids, entkauranetype diterpene, and cucurbitaglycosides. Folk uses of pumpkin seeds have included to helping with urinary problems, fighting intestinal worms, reducing stomach ulcers, and as a diuretic. The main aim of phytotherapy in benign prostatic hyperplasia is to relieve symptoms and to improve patients quality of life qol. Description annual, scandent herb, climbing by lateral, 34branched tendrils, strongly branched, or with bushy habit and then often without tendrils. May 31, 2015 aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal plants used against gastrointestinal complaints in five selected remote regions of pakistan and to select potential medicinal plants for further in vitro and in vivo investigation. Also have been identified the medicinally important phytoconstituents belonging mainly to cucurbitosides, multifloranetype triterpenoids, carotenoids, entkaurane. Name of the medicinal product to be specified for the indivi dual finished product.
Committee on herbal medicinal products hmpc assessment report on cucurbita pepo l. It is in flower from july to september, and the seeds ripen from august to october. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants was carried out from june 25 to september 5, 2015, in berbere district of oromia region, ethiopia. For its benefits, a few drops of the oil is taken on the finger tips and gently rubbed over the face. A probable ancestor of the summer squashes, it could be of value in breeding programmes. The fruit is cooling and astringent to the bowels, increases appetite, cures leprosy and purifies the blood. Ethnobotanical uses of cucurbita pepo found world wide. Pdf medicinal potential of cucurbita polysaccharides.
Botanists classify the cucurbita fruit as a pepo, which is a special type of berry derived from an inferior ovary, with a thick outer wall or rind with hypanthium tissue forming an exocarp around the ovary, and a fleshy interior composed of mesocarp and endocarp. Proximate, mineral and antinutrient evaluation of pumpkin. Cucurbitaceae cucumber family, gourd family medicinal use of squash. Nutritional quality characteristics of pumpkin fruit as. This aims a comprehensive of the pharmacological, chemical constituents, and clinical uses. Garden uses summer squashes can be eaten raw in salads or stirfried, batter fried, steamed, or cooked in a variety of additional ways including such things as zucchini breads. Cucurbita argyrosperma, also the japanese pie pumpkin or cushaw pumpkin, and silverseed gourd, is a species of winter squash originally from the south of mexico. Pumpkin benefits, remedies, recipes, oil, nutrition and. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in cucurbita moschata.
It is left on the face for 5 10 minutes and washed off with soap and water or besan powder. The term pepo is used primarily for cucurbitaceae fruits, where this fruit type is common. Review of cucurbita pepo pumpkin its phytochemistry and pharmacology. Data on phytochemistry and pharmacological activity of reported cucurbita pepo chemical constituents extracted, part used and types of pharmacological activity performed so far. Grown in central america for at least 9000 years, pumpkin is now cultivated all over the world for its enormous, globular fruit. It yields varieties of winter squash and pumpkin, but the most widespread varieties belong to the subspecies cucurbita pepo subsp. The species is monoecious individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant and is pollinated by insects. Cucurbita moschata herb uses, benefits, cures, side.
Summer squashes can be eaten raw in salads or stirfried, batter fried, steamed, or cooked in a variety of additional ways including such things as zucchini breads. Cucurbita pepo is a species of great economic importance, and mature and immature fruits, flowers and young leaves are used as vegetables. The genus cucurbita, indigenous to the western hemisphere, is comprised of five domesticated species. This plant is native of northern mexico and southwestern and eastern usa. Pumpkin seed has been associated with myriad of medicinal uses in different part of the world. Names of cucurbita moschata in various languages of the world are also given. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used to treat. Characterization of nutritional components and utilization of pumpkin. Cucurbita pepo is an annual, monoecious climber native to mexico and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruits. Pumpkin is one of the wellknown edible plants and has substantial medicinal properties due to the presence of unique natural. Ancient and recent medicinal uses of cucurbitaceae family shweta s. The texas gourd, or wild marrow, is another form that could be of value in breeding programmes. Cucurbita pepo pumpkin seed oil pumpkin cucurbita pepo.
A long prickly stem bears large downy leaves and deep yellow funnelshaped. Sweet gourd cucurbita moschata belongs to the family cucurbitaceae and is a. Review of cucurbita pepo pumpkin its phytochemistry. Characterization of nutritional components and utilization. About 800 peeled seeds is said to make a safe and effective treatment for tape worm. Chemical composition and biological activity of ripe pumpkin fruits. From there, pumpkin was introduced to europe, and today pumpkin is grown worldwide, in particular in austria styria, followed by hungary and china as main suppliers.
Pumpkin seed cucurbita pepo research earth to kathy. In particular, cucurbitacin 149 and momordicine, 150 which have an intensely bitter taste, are contained abundantly in momordica charantia bitter melon in english, goyaa in okinawa, japan, which people enjoy due to its. Traditionally this plant is used in africa and asia for the treatment of different diseases including fever. E cucurbita pepo cucurbitaceae pdf back to previous. Pumpkin cucurbita pepo uses of pumpkin pumpkin benefits. About ewg verified beyond providing skin deep as an educational tool for consumers, ewg offers its ewg verified mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet ewgs strict health criteria. Year 1985 isbn 0917256204 description details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of china and brief details of their uses. Information on period of medicinal use in the community. Qualitative and quantitative composition 1,2 wellestablished use traditional use. The genus cucurbita, exclusive from the new world, includes over 27 species, including a variety of squashes, gourds, and pumpkins. Cucurbita pepo plant finder missouri botanical garden. The popularity of pumpkin for use in various traditional medicines for several.
According to padulosi 1998, there is an urgent need not only to acknowledge underutilized commodity, but also employed and explored these commodities to meet needs of present and future generations. Its native to north america and particularly popular around thanksgiving and halloween 1. Based on article 16d1, article 16f and article 16h of directive 200183 ec as amended traditional use final. Pumpkin, or cucurbita pepo, is a member of the cucurbitaceae family.
Cucurbita pepo is one of the oldest known cultivated species. Journal of medicinal and aromatic plant science, 21. The study focused on documentation of medicinal plants used to treat various human diseases in the study area. The roasted pumpkin seeds are considered a snack food. Chemical composition and physicochemical properties of pumpkin. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents.
Cucurbita pepo, is widely used like food and in folk medicine around of the world. The family cucurbitaceae includes a large group of crops like cucumbers, and melon which are medicinally essential. It has been domesticated in the new world for thousands of years. Cucurbitacin is a bittertasting principle that can be isolated from members of the family cucurbitaceae, such as cucumber cucumis sativus and melon cucumis melo l. Cucurbita maxima, marrow, winter squash, pumpkin, calabaza. Oct 03, 2019 cucurbita pepo is a plant which has variants called pumpkin, squash, zucchini, and gourds.
List of various diseases cured by cucurbita moschata. Mar 28, 2014 whether linuss belief in the great pumpkin is a metaphor for humanitys existential dilemmas or a parody or symbol of our irrational faith in many things, pumpkin is real and sometimes huge. Pumpkin is commonly used by mouth for symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia bph. From there, pumpkin was introduced to europe, and today pumpkin is grown worldwide, in particular in austria styria, followed by. It is eaten fresh or roasted for the relief of abdominal cramps and distension due to intestinal worms. Review of cucurbita pepo pumpkin its phytochemistry and pharmacology abstract. There does not appear to be any refereed journal paper about any aspect of pumpkin growth, processing, marketing or use in sierra leone. Pumpkins are commonly grown for human consumption and also for livestock feed. Ngerian traditional food systems and nutrition security. Pdf this papers goal is to emphasize a new approach on a wellknown plant. Cucurbita pepo in kew science plants of the world online. Pumpkin is a type of winter squash that belongs to the cucurbitaceae family. Data on ethnomedicinal plants and ethnographic profile of respondents was documented using semistructured.
Data on phytochemistry and pharmacological activity of reported cucurbita pepo chemical constituents. Pumpkin oil for skin it improves face glow, complexion and useful as a moisturizer. Use of medicinal plants for diabetes in trinidad and tobago. Cucurbita foetidissima has triangular leaves that are longer than wide and leathery, and produces a foul smell when bruised. Cucurbita pepo is a cultivated plant of the genus cucurbita. These family have medicinal and nutritional benefits. Cucurbita pepo has roundtriangular leaves with 57 palmate lobes, and the peduncle of the developing fruit is hard and thickened at the junction of the fruit.
Externally, it is applied as a rubefacient to muscular and joint pains and pleurisy. In the us, pumpkin typically refers to cucurbita pepo, an orange type of winter squash. Ethnomedicinal evaluation of medicinal plants used against. Click on column headings to sort the list on the column. Herbal substances binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part. History and geographic distribution of cucurbita pepo gourds. Cucurbitaceae cucumber family, gourd family medicinal use of pumpkin. Rosa martha perez gutierrez cucurbita pepo, is widely used like food and in folk medicine around of the world. History and geographic distribution of cucurbita pepo gourds in florida lee a. Opinion of the hmpc on a community herbal monograph on cucurbita pepo l, semen pdf 46. This annual herbaceous plant is cultivated in the americas for its nutritional value. Cucurbita pepo pumpkin, field pumpkin, ozark melon, texas.536 1307 1552 205 1529 1415 1434 567 303 262 129 440 768 1114 1014 254 62 52 441 235 433 783 1254 1418 1375 277 31 361 267 1044 738 1163 22 1394 447 849 1169 147 987 1101 1121 1229 723 1015 649 1265 251 263 506