Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter booknumbering of the. The sentence is tortured in translation, and tortured in the original. Riddle numbers are taken from muirs exeter anthology 1994, though i follow williamson in considering the first three as parts of a single riddle riddle songs of the storm which of you heroes is so sharpwitted. The books greatest contribution and proof of its authors profound knowledge of riddling in general is its comparative strategy, which urges us to look to. Heres a fun party game for the meadhall that gives you a sense of anglosaxon hilarity. This folded stainlesssteel triangular sculpture is the latest addition to exeter high street. In some very few instances, my idea of the solution differs from the generally accepted range. Jump to navigation jump to search riddle 19 riddles of the exeter book 1963 translated by paull franklin baum. Click on the links below to travel to each riddles translation and commentary. While the answers to latin riddles were given by their titles the latin riddles being rhetorical word games rather than true enigmas, few of the old english riddles provide solutions. Some comments on anglosaxon attitudes toward sexuality in women based on four exeter book riddles, texas quarterly 181975, 4655. Herewith we have a shrewd, clever, witty and expansive essay on the riddles and riddle poems in mostly western literature from the book of exeter to harry potter and j. Exeter book riddles 1, 2, 3, 25, 44, 45, 47, 72 summary.
Exeter book riddles 1, 2, 3, 25, 44, 45, 47, 72 summary and. Kevin crossleyholland is a poet, translator from anglosaxon and carnegie medal author for children. Busy by turns, i must obey my servant zeal fettered with rings. Exeter book riddle 27 according to the numbering of the anglosaxon poetic records is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenthcentury exeter book.
The exeter book, exeter cathedral library ms 3501, also known as the codex exoniensis, is a tenthcentury book or codex which is an anthology of anglosaxon poetry. The riddles in the exeter book were probably authored by multiple people and are difficult to date. The riddle was a major, prestigious literary genre in anglosaxon england. New york, 1936, aspr 3 henceforth cited as kd, and i shall follow common practice in referring to it by that number. A selection of riddles from the exeter book riddles. Unlike the exeter book riddles, the anglosaxon enigmata are presented in. The police went inside and spoke to everyone who was inside the hotel at the time of the murder. Obscene riddles of the exeter book everything english. The language of the anglosaxon riddles is often difficult, and even those who are fairly familiar with old english cannot read them readily. This is a translation of the 96 anglosaxon poems from the 11thcentury exeter book. Exeter book riddle 9 in old english anglosaxon youtube. In the past ten years, the exeter books hitherto somewhat overlooked riddle 12 has become rather a cause celebre in the realm of old english poetic scholarship, thanks to the combination of its apparently sensational, and salacious, subject matter with critical issues of class, sex, and gender. The bachelorwarrior of exeter book riddle 20 by tanke.
Humanity is a dominant presence in the exeter book riddle collection. Chapel hill, nc, 1977, henceforth w in short citations. Riddle 8 of the exeter book many guesses have been made at the subject of the old english poem known as riddle 8 of the exeter book. I am mans treasure, taken from the woods, cliffsides, hillslopes, valleys, downs. Natural world in the exeter book riddles boydell and brewer. Aug, 2014 anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book 1963 translated by paull franklin baum. Exeter book riddle 74 and the play of the text cambridge core. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book 1963 translated by paull franklin baum index of solutions 1190584 anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book paull franklin baum 1963.
Exeter book study guide contains literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis of the poems in the anthology. In many cases, answers are just provisional, and still the subject of some discussion. By day wings bear me in the buzzing air, slip me under a sheltering roofsweet craft. Interpretive translation of the exeter book riddlesr university of denver. Anglosaxon riddles are part of anglosaxon literature. At the very outset, i must indicate certain faults of method, which seem to me largely. The ninetysix anglosaxon riddles in the eleventhcentury exeter book are poems of great charm, zest, and subtlety. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book80 wikisource, the. The panel opposite reflects the words so they can be read. Aug, 2014 the answer is bellows, but the second meaning is unmistakable. Exeter book riddle 83 according to the numbering of the anglosaxon poetic records is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenthcentury exeter book.
His new and selected poems, the mountains of norfolk. Jennifer neville is a reader in anglosaxon literature at the royal holloway university of london. Use the buttons on the right to navigate to each set of riddles. Here is a list of solutions for the exeter book riddles as numbered in the translation. The article provides information on the runes of riddle 19 of the exeter book. Unriddling the exeter riddles is a dense and provocative read, saturated with ingenuity, offering new solutions for many riddles considered to have been properly solved.
The riddle is one of a number to include runes as clues. Symphosius 73 begins with an interesting, and innocent, parallel. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book80 wikisource. The riddle is usually solved as reed pen, although such pens were not in use in anglosaxon times, rather being roman technology. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter booknumbering of the translations and the krappdobbie edition.
Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book, 1963 online. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book 1963 translated by paull franklin baum. According to the author, many scholars take the liberty of changing the order of the runes presented in the runic characters. Indeed, these ninetyfive old english riddles have become so popular that they have even been featured on posters for the london underground and have inspired a sculpture in downtown exeter. The exeter riddle sculpture, stainless steel, stone and stands 6. Whereas the subject matter of most of the extant verse derives from traditions of christian latinity and germanic legend, many of the riddles refer us to the social body of anglosaxon england. It seems likely they were composed in the 700s when riddles were popular in english monasteries. Exeter book riddles solutions anglosaxon narrative. The exeter book riddles occupy a unique place in old english literary history. May 01, 2011 riddle 23 is one of the rare riddles of the exeter book that gives its answer. Gregory kirk jember writes about the sexual riddles in his dissertation, ran. There are eight panels, each with a riddle laser cut into the stainless steel in mirror writing. Paternal precepts an edition, with translation, and. Riddle 23 is one of the rare riddles of the exeter book that gives its answer.
Exeter book riddle 60 according to the numbering of the anglosaxon poetic records is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenthcentury exeter book. Exeter book riddles solutions anglosaxon narrative poetry. Mar 07, 2014 a selection of riddles from the exeter book riddles. Ranging from natural phenomena such as icebergs and storms at sea to animal and bird life, from the christian concept of the creation to prosaic domestic objects such as a rake and a pair of bellows, and from weaponry to the peaceful pursuits of music and writing, they are. Two historical riddles of the old english exeter book by john donald hosler a thesis submitted to the graduate faculty in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of arts major. I burrow deep into the earth, and churn it as i go, guided by the gray foe of the forest and by my lord, my stooping owner. Its interpretation has occasioned a range of scholarly investigations, but it is taken to mean oregoldmetal, with most commentators preferring precious metal or gold, and john d. The answer is bellows, but the second meaning is unmistakable. Ranging from natural phenomena to animal and bird life, from the christian concept of creation to prosaic domestic objects, the riddles are full of sharp observation and earthy humour. Exeter book, the largest extant collection of old english poetry. It is one of the four major anglosaxon literature codices, along with the vercelli book, nowell codex and the c. An unsolved riddle ic waes faemne geong, faexhar cwene, ond aenlic rinc on ane tid. There may have been an attempt to assemble 100 riddles in the exeter book like in some latin collections. Pipe the musical instrument, bell, nightingale, woodpigeon, chough, jackdaw and jay have all, at one time or another, had their supporters, but presentday opinion is overwhelmingly in favour of a songbird.
Frederick tupper, the riddles of the exeter book new york, 1911. It states that the riddle has been controversial and caused disputes to various scholars. Jul 04, 2008 the ninetysix anglosaxon riddles in the eleventhcentury exeter book are poems of great charm, zest, and subtlety. The translations are mine, so that the clunky literalism is preserved.
If multiple possibilities are possible, ill give the best or most likely. That, in at least twothirds of his interpretations, he has failed of his purpose, i shall attempt to show by destructive criticism and by championship of other answers. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book wikisource, the. Appetite for deconstruction in exeter book riddle 12. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book20 wikisource, the. It is frequently shown using, shaping and binding the physical world in which it lives. The original exeter book resides in you guessed it exeter castle in the united kingdom. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book20 wikisource. Shielded behind glass it will be a little hard to place ones pint of guinness on its covers once more. The riddles depict master and craftsman and use the familiar human world as a point of orientation within a vast, overwhelming cosmos. Riddle 1 translation and commentary riddle 2 translation and commentary riddle 3 translation and commentary riddle 4 translation and commentary riddle 5 translation and commentary riddle 6 translation and commentary riddle 7 translation and commentary riddle 8 translation and commentary riddle 9. Krapp and dobbies edition treats the first line as riddle 79 and the remainder of the poem as riddle 80.
She is currently working on a book focused solely on the riddles of the exeter book. In working with the old english text of the exeter book, it is important to pay attention to all the riddles and read them as a whole collection. Two historical riddles of the old english exeter book. George phillip krapp and elliot van kirk dobbie, the exeter book. Exeter book riddles anglosaxon narrative poetry project. I agree with dietrich that 129b, horda deorat, refers to the. Jan 09, 20 in working with the old english text of the exeter book, it is important to pay attention to all the riddles and read them as a whole collection. In addition, it is important to recognize when the author is playing with the reader as in riddles 74 and 75 versus taking a straightforward approach in riddles 39 and 33.
There is no list of upsidedown answers at the end of the exeter book where these riddles are found. Its partly a highly suggestive craft essay and partly an informal history of ideas, also a refreshing sort of literary criticism, the. Riddle 63 in the exeter book is a companion onion riddle without the bawdy overtones. Exeter book riddle 24 according to the numbering of the anglosaxon poetic records is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenthcentury exeter book. Made by the artist michael fairfax, it has alternate wings with verses from the exeter riddles which date from the circa 960ad, exeter book, the earliest known example of anglo saxon poetry in existence. Though some of the best have been translated in scattered places, and there is a prose lineforline translation in the e. Jul 01, 2008 the ninetysix anglosaxon riddles in the eleventhcentury exeter book are poems of great charm, zest, and subtlety. Riddle numbers are taken from muirs exeter anthology 1994, though i follow williamson in considering the first. This poem in the exeter book should be called paternal precepts, not.1403 754 598 622 1199 318 311 682 1468 1257 610 502 704 674 334 1533 832 206 282 977 1259 915 384 275 406 836 1089